The 1958 Haberler Report stressed the importance of minimising the impact of agricultural subsidies on competitiveness and recommended replacing price support with additional non-production direct payments and anticipated the debate on green box subsidies. But it is only recently that this change has become at the heart of the reform of the global agricultural system.  WTO information on agriculture, including notifications from WTO members Video: Using AGIMS WTO members have taken steps to reform the agricultural sector and tackle high subsidies and trade barriers that distort agricultural trade. The overall goal is to create a fairer trading system that improves market access and improves the livelihoods of farmers around the world. The WTO Agreement on Agriculture, which entered into force in 1995, is an important step in reforming agricultural trade and making it fairer and more competitive. The Committee on Agriculture and Rural Development monitors the implementation of the agreement. (2) In accordance with the Mid-term Review Agreement, according to which direct or indirect aid measures to support agricultural and rural development are an integral part of the development programmes of developing countries, investment aid which is generally available to agriculture in developing countries and aid for the use of agriculture which are generally low-income or low-resource producers in countries developing countries: developing countries, the domestic obligation to reduce aid which, otherwise, would apply to measures such as.B. National assistance to producers in developing countries to promote the diversification of illicit drug crops. National aid which satisfies the criteria of this paragraph shall not be included in the calculation of a Member`s total current amS amount.
These agreements include a degree of flexibility in implementation by both developing countries, WTO members (special and differential treatment) and least developed countries (LDCs) and net food-importing developing countries (specific provisions). The GATT 1947 initially applied to agriculture, but was incomplete, and the signatory States (or “Contracting Parties”) excluded this sector from the scope of the principles set out in the General Agreement. During the period 1947-1994, members were allowed to benefit from export subsidies on primary agricultural products and, under certain conditions, to impose import restrictions, so that major agricultural raw materials faced trade barriers to an unusual extent in other product sectors. The road to a fair and market-oriented agricultural trade system has therefore been difficult and long; and the negotiations were finally concluded during the Uruguay Round. Agriculture has a special status in the WTO trade agreements and agreements (signed in 1994 and entered into force on 1 January 1995), with the sector having a specific agreement, the Agreement on Agriculture, whose provisions are given priority. In addition, certain provisions of the Agreement on the Application of Phytosanitary Measures (SPS) also concern agricultural production and trade. The same applies to the Agreement on the Commercial Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) with regard to the protection of geographical names. In addition, the provisions of the Agreement on Agriculture are complemented by the Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) and technical assistance mechanisms. . .