First, China is bound not only by WTO obligations that bind all other WTO members, but also by special rules that it accepted under its accession agreement upon accession to the WTO. These rules are included in the Accession Protocol and in the report of the Chinese Working Party and are generally referred to as “wto plus commitments”. Article 39 is an important innovation in the international protection of intellectual property. It is “the first multilateral recognition of the essential role that trade secrets play in industry”38 and “the first multilateral agreement that expressly obliges Member States to grant protection.” Trade secrets”. 39 A commentator on the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations, which conclude the WTO treaty, said: “The inclusion of trade secrets in the TRIPS Agreement has been hailed as an important innovation.” 40 China was appointed the 11th Member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) on 1 December 2001 following the approval of the Ministerial Conference.  China`s accession to the WTO was preceded by a long negotiation process and required significant changes in the Chinese economy. In the 22 closed cases, with the exception of one complaint that was not followed up, China`s response was to take steps to improve market access. This was done either by autonomous action by China, or by a settlement agreement, or in response to a panel or appeal judgment. Qualcomm`s practices in China fell under China`s antimonopoly law on “abuse of dominance.” In early 2015, after a 14-month investigation, China`s National Development and Reform Commission found that Qualcomm had abused its dominant position in wireless telecommunications technology and three related baseband chip markets. Specific infringements included setting unfairly high patent licensing fees, levying fees on expired patents, committing standard essential patents (SEPs) to non-SEPs, imposing cross-licensing without regard to value, and adding other unfair terms in licensing agreements22. .