All Nippon Airways VP Strategic Planning Tadashi Matsushita pointed out that the discussion between China and the United States on the open skies resembles the Japan-US debate that has taken place over the past decade. The increased capacity in Tokyo solved many problems with Japanese niches, but ana was largely interested in creating a joint venture with ATI with United Airlines, which made an agreement possible. The year 2019 offers China and the United States the opportunity to sign an open skies agreement. This would first remove restrictions on flights between countries – important given that both nations have saturated primary traffic rights and there have been fruitless negotiations on extending the allowance. The United States has implemented open-air air travel with more than 125 partners. These include several important agreements dealing with rights and commitments with several aviation partners: the 2001 Multilateral Agreement on the Liberalization of International Air Transport (MALIAT) with New Zealand, Singapore, Brunei and Chile, to which Tonga and Mongolia subsequently joined; the 2007 Air Services Agreement with the European Union and its Member States; 2011 agreement between the United States of America, the European Union and its Member States, Iceland and Norway. The United States maintains more restrictive air transport agreements with a number of other countries, including China. Open skies policy in America goes hand in hand with the globalization of American airlines. By providing U.S. airlines with unlimited access to our partners` markets and flight rights at points between and beyond, open-ski agreements offer maximum operational flexibility to U.S.
airlines worldwide. Critics point to Beijing`s call for other major countries to enter into arms control agreements while refusing to participate in such agreements, including the Medium-Range Nuclear Forces (SFS) agreement, which expired last year. The arms control agreement negotiated in 1992 allowed the 34 participating nations, including the United States and Russia, to conduct unarmed observation flights over each other`s territory. This treaty is not related to the open skies agreements of civil aviation.  Existing bilateral air services agreements between the Chinese Civil Aviation Authority (CAAC) and other countries would not be amended. The US Open Skies agreements apply to passenger and freight companies. Open skies cannot be carried out only with passenger airlines that are satisfied with market access. US freight operators have taken a lead in defending US-UAE/Qatar open skies agreements, since they have extensive networks and fifth freedom rights in the UAE and Qatar.
The concept of “mutual air surveillance” was proposed to Soviet Prime Minister Nikolai Bulganin at the 1955 Geneva Conference by US President Dwight D. Eisenhower; The Soviets, however, immediately rejected the concept and put several years to sleep. The treaty was eventually signed as an initiative by the United States.